The hottest Internet of things is thunder and rain

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IOT: the thunder is loud, the rain is also big

one year after the issuance of the 12th Five Year Plan of IOT by the Ministry of industry and information technology, on February 17, the guiding opinions of the State Council on promoting the orderly and healthy development of IOT (hereinafter referred to as the Guiding Opinions) were officially announced. The guiding opinions put forward that by 2015, the scale demonstration application of IOT in important fields of economy and society will be realized, a number of core technologies will be broken through, the IOT industrial system will be initially formed, and the security guarantee ability will be significantly improved. This has injected another shot in the arm for a large number of IOT enterprises that are in the stumbling stage

orderly and healthy development is the theme

compared with the 12th Five Year Plan of IOT, the guiding opinions clearly put forward the orderly and healthy development, which is the cold thinking of the country on the deficiency and heat of IOT. When talking about the biggest characteristics of the guidance issued this time, Dr. Chen Baoguo of the Institute of international technology and economics of the development research center of the State Council told China electronic news

the guidance mentioned that the IOT is in the initial stage of development worldwide, and there is a phenomenon of blind construction in some parts of China, which urgently needs to strengthen guidance and speed up solutions. For such blind investment and construction, Wang Huan, general manager of CCID Consulting semiconductor industry research center, gave an example to China electronic news. At present, about 90% of China's provinces take IOT or smart city as the main direction of development, without considering the real local market demand

Zhu Hongbo, vice president of Nanjing University of Posts and telecommunications and President of IOT Research Institute, regarded the guidance as a sign that the country officially takes IOT as the starting point to promote future economic growth, which will guide the healthy and orderly development of IOT. IOT is not hype. The operation process completely depends on the operation level of the operator, and it is not old wine in new bottles. It is the integration and penetration of the information industry and all walks of life. He has deep feelings

in the past three years, the development of IOT has shown virtual heat. All localities lack a strategic and overall vision in the development of IOT. It seems that projects or projects related to networks and informatization are under the name of IOT, and there is no in-depth research and implementation of the overall, forward-looking and in-depth, including forward-looking technologies. Chen Baoguo analyzed that at this stage, IOT enterprises are generally small and medium-sized enterprises, lacking core and flag enterprises; The core technology system of IOT, including coding system and application standards, has not been formed, and the technology of UHF chip and high-precision sensor is weak; The application mode of IOT and economic and social integration development needs innovation urgently. If you hype for a few more years, you may miss the development opportunity

although the technical threshold is not high, the uneven maturity of the core links and key technologies of IOT has led to slow development in recent years, especially at the terminal application level, which has not been widely used. Li Jun, general manager of the technology center of Roma semiconductor (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., an international semiconductor leader, commented on the plight of China's IOT industry

it is urgent to expand the application scale.

the current development of IOT always feels like thunder and rain. Chen Baoguo believes that the so-called cupping experiment is to use a steel ball or ball punch with a certain specification. At present, it is urgent to expand the application scope of IOT and strengthen the application of IOT in various fields. Only with large-scale applications can small-scale applications be connected

however, in order to achieve large-scale applications, we face many problems: lack of core technology, high product prices, and insufficient driving force of market demand. Wang Huan told China Electronics News that the lack of UHF RFID technology makes the price of RFID chips high, which is difficult for Chinese enterprises to bear

once interviewed Yangtze River Pharmaceutical Group. When a person in charge of the group's information center introduced its implementation of the IOT logistics demonstration project, he mentioned that the cost price of RFID attached to each box of drugs was about 1 yuan. Although the implementation of the demonstration project has greatly improved the efficiency of drug circulation management and achieved effective drug traceability, the cost of RFID tags is still a problem, and it is difficult to apply them to ordinary low-cost drugs

commerce and retail industry is a key area of IOT application, but the low price and low profit of this industry make it difficult to promote IOT technology. Wang Huan gave an example. British department store Marks & Spencer added RFID tags to its clothes. The demand for about 300million RFID tags a year is equivalent to the production capacity of a medium-sized RFID enterprise in China for more than a year. The annual production capacity of China's footwear industry has reached 17billion pairs, of which a considerable part of leather shoes will be exported. However, Chinese shoe manufacturers may only earn a few cents from a pair of shoes. If RFID tags are added, they once worked in rock tennco Company and pactivcorp If the packaging manufacturer has worked, it will be unprofitable

Wang Huan believes that there are many cases of large-scale application of IOT in foreign trade and retail industry, which is mainly driven by market forces, while the domestic situation is relatively complex: first, there is no really powerful retailer; Second, labor cost has not become the decisive factor for enterprises to apply IOT technology; Third, it is basically difficult for enterprises to spontaneously use IOT technology, and a considerable part of them are waiting for the state to adopt financial means to subsidize the development of technology and application. Enterprises are not very motivated to spontaneously apply IOT technology out of saving human costs or improving production efficiency

the large-scale application of RFID tags may reduce labor costs, thus offsetting the costs brought by RFID tags. Wang Huan analyzed that if the problem of large-scale application is successfully solved, the use scale and volume of sensors and RFID will rise, and the IOT market involved in transmission, information processing and application layer will also be driven

information security cannot be avoided

how to achieve large-scale applications? It is obviously difficult to rely on market forces in the short term. Chen Baoguo believes that if the government wants to concentrate on doing great things, especially in large central enterprises that are vertically managed within the administrative system, it needs to vigorously promote the application of IOT in their important information systems and highlight the advantages of large-scale application of IOT. In addition, it is also necessary to promote IOT applications in the field of public security and public services on a large scale, and apply universal sensing to promote the level of social services and management

Zhu Hongbo pointed out that the large-scale application of IOT requires the establishment of a large platform, and the industry chain involved in IOT is long and the barriers between industries are large, which has formed an island, which requires breaking down industry barriers, realizing resource sharing and providing unified services

the main obstacle to the connection of large-scale propulsion according to the needs of the project is the safety problem. Chen Baoguo told China electronic news that most of the current IOT applications are in less critical areas, including clothing, food, etc., and there are few large-scale engineering applications, especially in the field of important infrastructure. This is mainly because of safety concerns. This is related to the current information security management system in China, which is responsible for who is in charge and who operates. Only when IOT security is guaranteed can it be applied on a large scale. He emphasized

what effect will it have when talking about guidance? Experts have told China electronic news that this opinion is only a macro document, not an implementation rule, and will not have an immediate effect on enterprises. It is pending the introduction of follow-up policy rules

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